Both romanticism in general and national romanticism show a strong preoccupation with nature, which in the latter manifests itself as worship of the nature of one's homeland. The Swedish poet Erik Gustav Geijer exemplifies romanticism's concern with nature, while the Dane Adam Oehlenschlager and the Norwegians Johan Sebastian Welhaven and Henrik Wergeland regard nature as closely connected with the nation. Karl August Tavaststjerna celebrated Finnish nature, while Olav Duun, Arne Garborg,and Jonas Lie offered descriptions of Norwegian nature in their works.
   The conflict between nature and culture is a pervasive motif in Scandinavian literature, as shown by the works of such writers as Benny Andersen, Peter Høeg, Leena Krohn, Artur Lundkvist, and Jacob Paludan. Some Scandinavian writers urge a return to or oneness with nature, such as Eeva Joenpelto, Eyvind Johnson, Erik Axel Karlfeldt, and Tarjei Vesaas.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.


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